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Lumbopelvic manipulation alone versus combined with dry needling in physically active patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome: A randomized clinical trial

J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2024 Jan;37:220-225. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2023.11.024. Epub 2023 Nov 25.


INTRODUCTION: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is prevalent in physically active people. The multifactorial nature of PFPS necessitates multimodal treatment for this condition. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of lumbopelvic manipulation alone versus manipulation plus dry needling in physically active patients with PFPS.

METHOD: Thirty patients (18 women and 12 men) with a diagnosis of PFPS entered this randomized controlled clinical trial and were divided into two groups: lumbopelvic manipulation alone or lumbopelvic manipulation plus dry needling. The interventions were applied for 3 sessions every other day. Dry needling was performed on the quadratus lumborum and gluteus medius muscles. Pain intensity, Kujala score and side-plank time were recorded at baseline, post-intervention and 1 month after the intervention.

RESULTS: The results of Friedman’s test showed statistically significant differences in pain and function in participants during the study period, and post hoc tests revealed differences between the two groups in behavior of the marginal means (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: The use of lumbopelvic manipulation plus dry needling in the quadratus lumborum and gluteus medius muscles may be more effective than manipulation alone in alleviating pain and promoting function in physically active patients with PFPS.

PMID:38432809 | DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2023.11.024


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