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Current Trends in the Management of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction: A Review

Cureus. 2022 Sep 19;14(9):e29314. doi: 10.7759/cureus.29314. eCollection 2022 Sep.


The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a synovial bi-condylar joint with 3 degrees of freedom. One-third of the adult population reportedly suffers from temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD). Females are more commonly affected than males. Almost 50% of TMD patients do not require any intervention, and the symptoms are self-limiting within one year after the onset; however, 75-80% of adults suffering from TMD require medical intervention and it takes up to three years for the complete remission of the symptoms. The clinical features of TMD are clenching, clicking, and locking of the jaw, and occlusion due to faulty posture. Based on the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorder (DC/TMD) criteria proposed in the year 2014, the classification of TMD is done based on axis I and axis II diagnoses. This review aims to provide an overview of TMD and examine available treatment strategies for TMD. Various conservative treatment methods have been proven to be effective, including self-care strategies, dental treatment strategies, pharmacological treatment, physical therapy modalities, manual mobilization, electrotherapy and dry needling, relaxation techniques, intra-articular injections, cognitive behavioral therapy, and surgical corrections.

PMID:36277551 | PMC:PMC9579904 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.29314


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