Close this search box.

Home / My Account / Dry Needling Research

An Evidence-Based Treatment of Myofascial Pain and Myofascial Trigger Points in the Maxillofacial Area: A Narrative Review

Cureus. 2023 Dec 5;15(12):e49987. doi: 10.7759/cureus.49987. eCollection 2023 Dec.


Myofascial pain (MFP) is characterized by localized pain in the maxillofacial region attributed to the presence of hypersensitive spots known as trigger points (TrPs). This condition is particularly prevalent in the maxillofacial area, warranting a comprehensive examination of evidence-based management techniques. This review aims to equip healthcare professionals with a more profound insight into evidence-based MFP management techniques, facilitating improved patient care and treatment outcomes. In this review, we conducted a thorough literature search using Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science (WOS), and MEDLINE, with the keywords “Myofascial pain syndrome,” “Pain,” and “Orofacial pain.” Articles were selected based on their relevance to the study’s objective. Pharmacological interventions, such as analgesics and muscle relaxants, are frequently prescribed. Additionally, a range of non-pharmacological modalities, including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), ultrasound therapy, topical applications, dry needling, TrP injections, oral myofunctional therapy, and stretching exercises, have demonstrated efficacy in MFP management. The authors hope to give clinicians a more thorough understanding of the therapies for MFP by conducting a rigorous evidence-based evaluation of pharmacologic and non-pharmacological treatments. Our findings support the use of a combined approach that integrates both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies for the holistic management of TrPs.

PMID:38179392 | PMC:PMC10766389 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.49987


More to explore.


20% OFF

any IDN Course!

*This discount is valid for new registrations only and can not be combined with other discount codes.  Offer Expires: 12/31/2023

Integrative Dry Needling Logo Orange

Not sure which course is right for you? No problem – we created an intuitive process to help!